Monday, July 5, 2010

Preconditions for creating new provinces

Since it seems like Thailand will get a new province soon, it is worth to take a look at the official preconditions for any proposal of a new province receiving the approval of the Ministry Of Interior. These rules are defined by the cabinet, and same as for districts and the other subdivisions these are quoted in the Royal Gazette every time a petition to create a new province is filed to the parliament.

The latest such petition dates from 2004, and was about splitting the province Lopburi into a new province Phra Narai (จังหวัดพระนารายณ์, the area around the town Lopburi) and the remainder province to be renamed to Chai Badan. While the proposal obviously did not make it, the Gazette posting including the answer by the Ministry of Interior contains the then-current preconditions for a new province. I am not aware of any changes in these rules in the meantime, but even they were changed in the meantime those rules are worth writing down in English. This set of rules was defined on December 8 1981, hopefully I have translated them correctly.
  1. Both the new province as well as the remainder province should have an area of more than 5,000 square kilometer.
  2. Both the new province as well as the remainder province should have at least 6 districts (including minor districts).
  3. Both the new province as well as the remainder province should have a population of at least 300,000.
  4. The province has a security problems, being too wide or long, or other inconvenience for the citizen.
  5. The population has to benefit from the new province.
  6. Already has established authorities for a new province (like a province court), and has land to build a new government center without the need of budget to acquire the land. The district of the new government center must be ready economically.
  7. No problem with the necessary staff for the various government offices to hire at or move to the new province center.
  8. Approval of the population, the local government entities as well as the districts and province heads to create a new province.
  9. Tax revenue of the new and the remainder province of at least 2.5 million Baht.
  10. New province has historical reasons, or important political reasons

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