Friday, February 5, 2010

Royal Gazette title page in 1909

I have been working with publications in the Royal Gazette a lot, but only recently I first processed one which was on the starting page of a volume, so I could see the header displayed above. Notice that it features the Royal Coat of Arms of Siam, which was in use 1873-1910. The publication I was looking at was the creation of the sanitary district which later became the city of Nakhon Ratchasima in 1909 - พระบรมราชโองการ ประกาศใช้พระราชบัญญัติสุขาภิบาลในตำบลโพกลาง มณฑลนครราชสีมา.

The text under the coat of arms is ราชกิจจานุเบกษา (a bit hard to read since the า is written like a ligature) meaning Royal Gazette, and in the second line กรุงเทพมหานครในพระบรมมหาราชวัง (Krung Thep at Phra Borom Maha Ratcha Wang, i.e. the Grand Palace in Bangkok). The small line then lists the volume, issue and date of the publication - เล่ม ๒๕ (Volume 25) ฉบับเพิ่มเติม (Special issue) วันที่ ๓ มกราคม รัตนโกสินทร์ศก ๑๒๗ (January 3 Rattakosin Era 127 = 1909) หน้า ๑๑๘๓ (Page 1183). Quite odd are the numbers 4 and 1 on top of the ศก, these even cannot be entered in Unicode. Rikker hinted me that they probably mean the year number of the current reign - King Chulalongkorn was crowned in 1868, thus 1909 was the 41st year of his reign.

Newer issues of the Royal Gazette use the Garuda as the new state symbol instead on the cover pages.

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